Vosne-Romanée produces Burgundy's most celebrated wines, made entirely from the Pinot Noir grape. It has been said - that amongst the stars in the night sky which shine above the Cote de Nuits, Vosne-Romanée is the brightest star. Vosne-Romanée received its AOC on the 11th September 1936, Vosne-Romanée today covers just over 200 hectares of vineyards that nestle between Nuits St.Georges and Flagey-Echézeaux - in 1861 only 167 hectares had such a classification. Not until 1866 was Romanée appended to Vosne, the new name was part hommage, part marketing and without doubt brought and still brings an extra level of distinction to ‘Vosne’ and its wine.
Vosne-Romanée wine is produced in the commune of Vosne-Romanée in Côte de Nuits of Burgundy as well as in the neighbouring commune of Flagey-Échezeaux. There are a total of 15 Premier Cru vineyards in the two communes, as well as six Grand Cru vineyards in Vosne-Romanée and two in Flagey-Échezeaux, which are Burgundy's most iconic, sought-after and expensive red wines.
In 2008 154 hectares of vineyard were in production for Vosne-Romanée wine at village and Premier Cru level, and nearly 6000 hectoliters of wine produced, corresponding to almost 800,000 bottles. Within both communes, there are vineyards on the plains to the east of the N74, which are only entitled to the regional Bourgogne appellation. To the east of the town are vineyards that are only entitled to the village appellation. The premier crus in Vosne cover some 57ha, often on slopes exposed to either the east or south-east. These soils tend to have less depth and contain a higher proportion of limestone than those in the village vineyards and the topsoil is mainly scree, making for excellent drainage.
The AOP regulations allow up to 15% Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc and Pinot Gris as accessory grapes in the red wines, but this is not practiced to any greater extent. The allowed base yield is 40 hectoliter per hectare and the grapes must reach a maturity of at least 10.5% alcohol for village-level wines and 11% for Premier Cru wine.
The style of Vosne-Romanée wines is often described as a combination of elegance and power. The best examples of Grand Cru wines of this village are often seen as the ultimate expression of Pinot Noir: Vosne is described as the pearl of the Cote, with the assembled vineyards being the pick of its greatest crus: Romanée and Richebourg, Tache and Suchots, noble wines of velvet, fire, and exquisite grace. Vosne-Romanée is arguably the greatest Pinot Noir village on earth, with a style of wine which are rich, austere, masculine though refined. They combine a delicate though well-defined bouquet, a velvety depth of flavour with a lingering but firm finish.